在长城宽带等某些垃圾宽带的网络环境下,通过 ssh 连接某些服务器经常会出现 timeout 的解决方法

可在 .ssh/config 中配置以下命令,通过 ssh q 连接服务器。 HostName 为目标服务器 ip, -X 5 为 socks5 代理, localhost:6153 为 socks5 代理地址。

Host q
    HostName 47.240.33.24
    User root
    ProxyCommand            nc -X 5 -x localhost:6153 %h %p

与此方法类似的是,可以配置通过跳板机,在客户端直接访问内网服务器。jumper server 为跳板机,在正常情况下,处于内网环境的 target 服务器无法直接从客户端访问,需经过跳板机访问,此时,则可通过如下配置,在 Terminal 中运行 ssh target 访问跳板机后面的目标服务器。

Host target
    HostName 172.16.6.2
    Port 35000
    User root
    IdentityFile /Users/tonywang/target.key
    ProxyCommand ssh -q -W %h:%p jumperserver

Host jumperserver
    HostName 192.168.1.2
    Port 35000
    IdentityFile /Users/tonywang/js.key
    User root

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